The eleventh kriptokorinų European Community (ESC) meeting was held in Copenhagen, Danijoje.Susitikimas as usual there were 3 dienas.Vyko kriptokorinų lectures on the cultivation of biotopes travel impressions made cational experiment, plants mainai.Taip have visited Copenhagen Botanical Garden and the world’s largest collection of kriptokorinų to Niels ‘t Jacobsen’ą.
All gathered there penktadienį.Išklausėm pranešimų.Iššipasakojom some of the problems encountered growing crypts per year pasidalijom impressions about growing crypts, rings …. Saturday morning to see iškeliavom kriptokorinų collections and we went to the Copenhagen Botanical Garden
Niels Jacobsen collection “LIVE in the garden
There are three separate a warm, grown only in the first two leaves of beech, with osmolality vandeniu.Auginamos “black water” kriptokorinos.Trečiajame grown in Sri Lanka kriptokorinos, Yom need more light, not too low pH, is not only used a garden covered with beech lapai.Visas to reduce day, the sun light (reduced by somewhere around 70%).
Nesuskaičiuojuojama many crypt
Niels shows how to grow crypts monitoring, transplant …
One of the rarest Cryptocoryne versteegii, just across the 4-5pcs kolekcijoj (as far as I know it is only the crypt)
Sri Lanka grupė.Kairėje different picture c.crispatula variacijos.Žemiau kriptokorinos that grow at a very low PH3 0.5 to 5. Each bottle is another kind of crypt, some of their larger populations, others less, but they are all excellent quality.
Many kriptokorinų blossomed, but not flowering sezonas.Kai which, as the latter had vaisius.Dešineje picture barclaya rotundifolia išauginusi aerial leaves.
Also, we visited and adjacent plant collections
Copenhagen Botanical Garden
Giant territory is occupied by thousands of different plants rūšių.Po flit forest mushrooms, which are all afraid žmonių.Po lake fly various birds.
Tropical plants sode.Dešinėje picture over seventy rotundifolia growing in the water and above it.
I’m always caught as “besiskolinantį” plant this time kaltininkas.Kaip wolff photo of the usual, but for some reason few players in it, seip involved about 35-40 people.
As has always been interesting presentations, experiments, observations, travel pristatymai.Šiais was much talked about kriptokorinų hybridization, both among themselves and with Lagenandra rūšimi.Atvykęs GHAZANFAR Ghori told details about the meristem dauginimą.Niels Jacobsen talked about the different c.crispatula grupę.Kalbėta fertilizing effect of new cultivation techniques crypt …
The meeting had a little back of the lab which was apsitvarkyti pristatymai.Paaiškėjo less, more listening to lectures
Next year the meeting will be held in the first half of September, near Stuttgart, Germany.
Photos lose, Kettner
County water tank overflow system is unchanged 20 yearsNext to the main tank is provided for easy management bench.Only tank that is managed in many cases rather simple.Below the tank is to always keep a light box that is 24 degrees with a warm light bulb fixturesThe initial strain is introduced into the main tank from growing to some extent in this case are summarized inFolia switch from right to apo Suwaiteshi NogeWisteria retainerSpira squirrel right Kuriputokorine Kuriputokorine Ponte deli ver Folia KogunatoidesuWisteria ♀ retainer Kelly reports 2n = 34 × ♂ Guroi 2n = 42 bad
ones bred by Mr. Alexei Bednii of Moldova in the former Soviet UnionRosa Nelly Bog Ragenandora energy Ragenandora
|11 years have greenhouses kept grandfather 74 years|
|Sand bucket containing 100 × 45 × 55|
|Kuriputokorine minimalist script is a list of smaller left “Gaseri” yellow rim|
|Kuriputokorine risk screening|
|Fell Kuriputokorine Ginea|
|Kuriputokorine risk screening|
|Kuriputokorine risk screening|
|Neil Arubida Kuriputokorine|
|Pre-annealing pull Kuriputokorine|
|Built-in heater filter Ehaimu|
|Anna Mika Kuriputokorine|
|Pigu Kuriputokorine Mare|
Once in a while I need to heed the call of my roots, so I fly half way around the world to Nijmegen where I was born and where much of my family still resides. Nijmegen is one of the oldest cities in the Netherlands dating back to before the Roman era. Its a place full of character and history, with lively markets, historical buildings and just plain old things everywhere. Of course the main reason is to visit my Mum and Family. November 2004 and I was back in Nijmegen, checking out the local scene and stirring up old memories. Before I left though the guys from C.A.P.G had all sorts of plant related wishes, ie go visit tropica in Denmark, check out the local aquarium shops yadiyadiya. Sorry guys but my needs were simpler and had a definite priority.
Now there must be a BUT here yes? Else this article wouldn’t belong on this web site. And here is the BUT. With my long interest in Cryptocorynes I thought it would be interesting to meet up with Jan Bastmeijer, the king of the Crypts. However, with Jan in the USA for the Aquatic Gardeners Association (A.G.A.) convention and me with no wheels to travel the 200 kilometres to get there, it was going to be an outside chance at best. Well Jan was back just before I was due to return home, my brother in law involuntarily volunteered to drive me and most importantly there was a time slot that suited all.
ON THE WAY.
So it was that we set of for Emmen on Friday morning the 26/11/2004, complete with detailed route plan from the internet, drinks, biscuits and music (what more do you need!). On the way we passed through some interesting areas like the Betuwe, a large protected area dedicated to native flora and fauna. Generally thought the country side was flat, featureless and misty. After just a couple of hours driving we had arrived, just after lunch time. Now for all you Aussies, a 200km drive is a very long drive for a Dutchman, its like the other side of the Country you know. We got a very friendly welcome from the Bastmeijer’s and were soon chatting away over a cup of coffee and some chocolate. Jan’s home is situated a couple of kilometers outside of this small country town, adjacent to a beech wood forest. A very peaceful location that would be the envy of many Dutch city dwellers.
THE CRYPT ROOM.
A quick look at Jan’s aquarium and then we retired into the “Cryptocoryne room”. The Crypt room was just amazing, there were a couple of three tiered racks with specially constructed tanks full of emersed growing plants, a cabinet for plants preserved in alcohol and a herbarium (dried pressed plants). Add to this a kitchen sink various storage cabinets plus the fact that the room was pretty small and you get the picture of Jan’s Crypt room. Outside there were the beginnings of a new out-house with space for more Crypt growing activities. The crypts are separated according to locality and growing needs, it surprised me that some Crypts needed an alkaline environment whilst others required an extreme acidic environment. Jan was saying that he had substrates so acidic that plastic parts were disintegrating (Ph below 4). Luckily many Crypts were also grown in the slightly acidic substrate that we normally associate with these plants. The basic substrate mix that Jan uses is a 50/50 mix of fine river sand and soil from the beech tree forest (composted beech tree leaves) to which about a teaspoon of granulated clay per litre of substrate is added. The granulated clay is added to increase the substrates cation exchange capacity. The clay is a product of Denmark and not available here in Australia, but we most probably could substitute it with laterite (or if you want to experiment try vermiculite). Peatmoss can also be used in place of the forest soil. Plants are potted in small terracotta pots that stand with their base in water. Water filtration in one of the racks is by means of a small sump filter that trickles water through all the tanks. In the other rack there is no filtration or water circulation in any of the tanks and this appears to work just as well. Plants are fed every other week with a complete fertiliser. No fancy fertiliser mix either, just a commercial product for Rhododendrons and Camellias.
TOPICS OF INTEREST.
Want a new use for twist ties on a roll? Well, snaking this under a plant tank and hooking it up to a low voltage transformer (like the ones used for quartz halogen lights) creates a very nice low wattage heater. This is how Jan heats up some of his plant tanks. You do need some basic knowledge and equipment to work out the details, but nothing more than ohms law and a multimeter should suffice. There was a lot of talk about individual plants many of which were flowering (of course). A demonstration of how to cut a door into the spathe to expose the flower components (very interesting). And one topic that all plant keepers should take heed off, that being the proper identification and labelling of plants kept. To this effect Jan records the name of the collector, the locality and assigns a unique number to each plant under his care.
LUCKY BROTHER IN LAW.
Jan also keeps various Lagenandras and even parted with some fine specimens to my brother in law for his Terrarium. I wished that I too could have taken some Crypts with me to Australia, as there were many species that we just don’t have here. Alas our customs regulations don’t allow the personal importation of plant material (except by tissue culture means).
ALL GOOD THINGS.
Before we realised it, the afternoon had passed and it was time to thank the Bastmeijer’s for their generous hospitality. The drive back home was kind of boring because it was already dark. Luckily my Sister had dinner waiting for us when we got home, Dutch food is so nice.
An old hygrometer hanging in the
|I have grown in the greenhouse Kuriputokorine thoracic study with Neil in the Agricultural University of Copenhagen.
Many of growing up here Kuriputokorine sent from Japan.
|Here there are a variety of plants for research, Kuriputokorine in the back room where the passage is being managed.|
|Finally exposes his collection has been carefully remove the sheet laid combines a triple-shielding sheet vinyl and warmth.|
|Kuriputokorine our growing collection of his Sukusukuto|
|Ensure that the working state of the state of strain|
|Greenhouse irrigation system (comments)
how growing up Sukusukuto
|Less impact on the soil surface of pot growing in the moss and weeds and fungi, such as how not
to find the spare time but取Ri除Kurashii. May seem to not have to be less nervous.
|The pots in this way or that was collected when and where everyone, including the code name has been mentioned again.|
|Below that is located underwater Kuriputokorine for planting. Not everyone can feel free to turn the water that particularly
surprised to be a simple style and vice versa.
|Here is how it has been laying the soil planted about 10cm in the case of about 30 × 15cm. The considerable 茂Tsu Kururashii just been planted six months now|
|Always pour water on the floor every time in a greenhouse to prevent dry before opening the sheet. That such work was done correctly too.|
|Danes are jolly shepherd in a greenhouse.|
|Warukeri ♀ × ♂ Kuriputokorine Nebiri|
|Wisteria Na × ♂ ♀ Kuiputokorine Warukeri|
|How many are growing at a frightening pace flowering strains|
|A realistic Wisteria Usuteriana Kuriputokorine|
|Many here have been placed in my collection.|
|Beautiful red leaf type with unusual Kuriputokorine Aruba|
|Suggests a method of cultivation would be fairly simple.|
|Ver Korudata Kuriputokorine Blassie become increasingly significant in this way|
|Southern Sun guy Koroku Kuriputokorine production Korudata (left)
produced Kuriputokorine Korudata Northern Sun Guy Koroku (right)
|Fatima strange system Kuriputokorine Cry timahensis (left), Kota Tinggi Kuriputokorine Blair pulled over
is a new species of Aponogeton gathered 100 years ago
|It seems people were collected by Anna Mika Kuriputokorine Russia|
|Aruba Red Type|
|More than 50 years before the fire pump|
Cryptocoryne of Peninsular Malaysia
by Ahmad Sofiman Othman, Niels Jacobsen, Mashhor Mansor
Review by Ghazanfar Ghori
There are only a handful good reference books available today on aquarium plants and even fewer when it comes to one of my favorite aquarium plants; species from the genus Cryptocoryne . The recent publication, ‘Cryptocoryne of Peninsular Malaysia’ by Ahmad Sofiman Othman, Niels Jacobsen, and Mashhor Mansor is a much welcomed addition to the sparse number of books on Cryptocoryne.
Plants from the genus Cryptocoryne are still under researched. With new species discovered every few years and ongoing research of the known species, the reclassification of existing species occurs fairly frequently as the complex genealogy is untangled. This book is by no means the final word when it comes to Cryptocoryne, but is the most current reference available on the research done on the subject to date. Comprising of many years of exploration, research and collaboration, this book serves as a reference of the natural distribution, habitat and a means of identifying species found in this region.
Currently, there are about 55 known species of Cryptocoryne, with roughly a third of them found in Peninsular Malaysia. In this book, each of these species is described in botanical detail, though for a person with no ‘botanical’ background some of the words used did require me to flip open a dictionary. The description of the habitats is a lot easier to read, as are the excellent notes on each individual species. Summarized from years of cultivation and observation, they provide valuable information that can be used by you in growing these plants successfully.
The book is well illustrated, with pictures of the plants, flowers, fruit and habitat of the 19 or so species. Although in some cases, the quality of the pictures leaves room for improvement, they do provide key information to the observant reader, showing the lighting conditions, water level and even the composition of the soil of the natural habitat. With the wide variation in the morphology of the leaves, the detailed pictures of the flowers serve as reference on identifying the species, with accompanying notes on the variation of the flowers themselves.
Also documented, is the effect of the destruction of the natural habitat on several species. As forests are razed and swamps are drained to make room for rubber and palm oil plantations, some Cryptocoryne populations prove to be resilient and establish new homes in the drainage ditches of these plantations. Unfortunately, that’s not the norm. Most populations die out, lost forever, except for the lucky few living on in private collections.
Whether you’re a novice in the hobby, or a veteran looking for a new challenge, I encourage you to join the ranks of the few who are dedicated to the preservation of this species. Reading this book will bring you up to speed with the current status and provide much needed information that can be used to successfully cultivate and preserve plant from this fascinating genus.
Here are few pictures and comments from the ECS meeting this year.
From the US – Jim Michaels and I attended. There were over 35 folks
in total. You won’t see too many pictures of me in here – I was behind
the camera most of the time.
Jim talking to Jan regarding ponds & winters in Emmen
Another section of the backyard.
Jim thinking ‘Daaaaaaayam’.
C. cordata var gabrowski – I think.
A wider shot…
Several ‘cordata’ types
Laganendra heaven! I think this comprises of ALL known species
Oh yes – they flower ALL the time. No problem.
This is the yellow spathe form of L. nairii I beleive.
Good healthy growing C. zaidiana
Jim, Peter and Roland looking over Peters photos / log book.
Jan’s massive collection of preserved spathes..
A closer look…
Friday morning, we headed into the Fagus sp. forest behind
Jan’s home. Several folks wanted to stock up on fagus soil.
Walking down to the prime location…
The prime location…
Jan’s showing us where the best stuff is hidden…
Jim and Claus heading back with the goods.
Then we were off to visit Aquafleur – aquatic plant nursery.
Here’s a shot of the area right outside the nursery.
The back enterance to Aquafluer
Cryptocorynes recently planted into pots from tissue culture.
Echinodorus are also quite popular here – a lot of hybrids I’ve never
seen before are growing here.
Here’s a nice one – Echinodorus ‘Purpurea’
A lot of the Echinodorus are propagated vegitativly. Here’s the
room where the mother plants are kept. Plantlets develop on the
flower stalks and are pulled off and planted into trays to grow out.
Echinodorus sp. in bloom
Echinodorus ‘Africanus’ plantlets. We brought these back with us.
Echinodorus ‘Purpurea’ plantlets. We brought these back with us.
There were also a lot of Anubias. Some varieties labels Anubias sp.
with leaf shapes I’d never seen before. These are also tissue cultured
and grown out in massive quantities. All these rows are growing
Anubias species. This is only one section.
They also had a room that was very frequently misted – maintaining
a very high humidity level. Here, they were growing mosses emersed
on coconut shells. They also had java fern, pellia and riccia growing
attached to driftwood in here.
A nice new microsorum. We brought this back with us.
A fairly brightly colored varigated C. wendtii. We brought this back
Some of the crypts growing there were in flower. Can you ID it?
Then were were off to Piet van Wijngaarden’s home to see his
crypt collection. Piet can most certainly grow them. Lush and massive
Here’s a close up of one of the fish he’s got in his planted tank.
In one of many growth trays, C. striolata (swwwwwwwwwweeeeeet)
Just look at the nice pattern and the healthy growth!
Jim probably has more pictures from Piet’s setup – there were too many
people walking around in there for me to get a decent shot of anything
and I just gave up.
Moving along – on the ride back to the hotel we stopped to get
the essential picture.
Back at the convention Saturday night, just prior to the main
speaker session starting up.
From left to right: Neils Jacobsen, Romeo and the gentleman from Gula.
Couldnt remember ALL the names – there were 35+ people there!
From left to right: Piet van Wijngaarden and Jan Bastmeijer.
Piet telling Jan – “These folks from the US are completly NUTS!”
Closed container culture of C. fusca and I beleive C. minima.
A lot of folks are using this method now which they say is very stable.
Once in a while, new fagus soil is added to provide nutrients but other
than that, the bottles remain closed. Not to be kept on window sills –
but rather under flourecents.
From left to right: Mr. Bogner and Jim.
From left to right: Mr. Bogner and the only brown guy in the Netherlands.
From left to right: Jim and Niels Jacobsen
From left to right: Roland and Jim
Plant market! Free plants for everyone! Most of the plants came
from Niels collection. An insane amount of plants. Insane!
From left to right:
Kai in the brown shirt in the back.
You can see a glimpse of Roland.
You see Stephan’s back.
Martin from Tropica standing infront of the screen speaking with Neils.
And the lady from Gula with a bag of Laganendra nairii I believe.
Peter talking with Xema.
Kai commenting on the specifics of some of the plants on the
Roland checking out the available plants.
From Left to Right: Claus Kettner and Fredi Wasser.
Fredi Wasser – the name should ring a bell – since this man’s
name is on a lot of recent collections. He doesn’t grow too many
crypts – just goes to SE Asia every year to collect! One of these
years – I’m going to tag along!
A wider shot of the room
That’s most of the pictures I have. Jim’s got more. There was one day
that I thought my camera battery was done – turns out that the
memory card just wasnt seated tight enough – so I didn’t get any
pictures from that day.
A few notes from the experience:
Most of the folks there are focused in growing healthy plants and getting
wild collected plants to flower initially for ID purposes / see variations
from different collecting locations. Another priority is the
long term cultivation of collections. Some plants here are
runners of plants collected decades ago! These guys can grow crypts!
Overall – the trip was very enjoyable and it was refreshing to see
how environmentally concious the folks there are. Everyone was
very friendly and even though some of them didnt speak very
good English, they made an extra effort to speak with us.
Next year’s convention will be in Vienna. If you can make it out there,
I highly reccomend it. I know I’ll certainly try and attend again next