Pak Suwidji, saya sudah 4 bulan ini kena racun aquascape. Saat ini saya memiliki 1 aquarium dengan uk. 60x30x40.
Saat aqua ini baru saya setting, saya menanam berbagai jenis tanaman, diantaranya beragam cryptocoryne. Jenisnya apa saja saya kurang tahu, tapi kalau dikira2 sih jenisnya c. wendtii, balansae, parva, spiralis, dll. Saat aqua 2.5 bln., hampir semua cryptocoryne yang saya miliki sudah jadi besar2.
Tapi, 1 minggu yang lalu saat aqua berusia 4 bln., tiba-tiba semua cryptocoryne yang saya miliki lenyap tak bersisa, praktis hanya tinggal 1 cryptocoryne yang paling tinggi di gambar 2.5 bln. (cryptocoryne spiralis???) dan beberapa cryptocoryne parva yang masih bertahan. Anehnya tanaman2 saya yang lain sama sekali tidak terpengaruh dengan hal ini, hygrophila balsamica saya malah jadi guede banget.
Kenapa ya Pak? Padahal di aqua sebelumnya cryptocoryne jauh lebih kuat daripada tanaman lain, malah nggak pake co2 juga hidup. Sekarang sama stem plants aj kalah. Apakah saya kurang ganti air pas libur Lebaran kmr?
Saat ini c. wendtii sepertinya mulai bertunas lagi, tapi saya nggak tahu apa masalahnya sdh selesai atau blm
Cryptocoryne memang agak sensitif terhadap perubahan kondisi dan biasanya reaksinya adalah daunnnya melumer (melt down) seperti yang banyak orang tahu. Ada yang pakai istilah Cryptocoryne rot.
Di alam pun kondisi seperti itu juga terjadi, seperti jika ada perubahan musim.
Asalkan rizome (akar) dari Crytocoryne sudah cukup kuat dan setelah itu kondisi lingkungan stabil ke posisi yang baru, biasanya Cryptocoryne akan kembali tumbuh.
Ada banyak orang langsung panik begitu melihat “Cryptocoryne rot” dan segera melakukan berbagai perubahan yang kadang malah membuat kondisi berubah-ubah (tidak stabil) sehingga malah mengganggu pertumbuhan berikutnya. Jika proses “Cryptocoryne rot” terjadi berulang-ulang dalam waktu yang cukup singkat sehingga Cryptocoryne tidak punya kesempatan untuk menimbun energi di rhizomenya maka akhirnya Cryptocoryne akan mati atau tidak mau tumbuh lagi.
Menurut pengamatan saya, Crytocoryne “melt down” juga bisa disebabkan oleh perang zat kimia dari species lain (Allelopathy). Hal ini sering kita amati di habitatnya yang terjadi antara Crytocoryne dan Barclaya. Allelopathy bisa terjadi di air maupun tanah. Dari informasi yang disampaikan anda menanam H. balsamica di akuarium yang sama. H. balsamica mempunyai reputasi Allelopathy meskipun belum ada yang membuktikan secara ilmiah. Seperti yang banyak diketahui juga bahwa Valisnaria tidak cocok (antagonist) dengan Crytocoryne.
Kesimpulannya adalah pemilihan jenis tanaman air (seperti juga jenis ikan) sangat penting pada waktu membuat Aquascaping / Community Aquarium. Selain dari literatur, hal seperti ini cuma bisa didapat dari pengalaman dan itulah seninya.
Semoga informasi ini bermanfaat.
I read in one of the link in your website that member of the European
Cryptocoryne Society (ECS) have a special designation to label their
cryptocoryne like this found in the website
KB04 C1 Cord referred to Hildebrand, GFR
= K Kalimantan (Borneo),
B = Barat (West Borneo)
04 = year 2004 collection
locality C1 =
C1 = KB04 C.striolata
Can you explain more about this system of labelling so that I might
apply the same system in at least for my collection?
This might not be useful for the time being, but given the standard of
scientific database I think that it would be useful if we have the
Read about my way of coding:
The first step you must make to have a ‘system’ is to give all your plants a
“greenhouse entry number” and keep record of the name, date you got it, its
origin etc. You can use a simple notebook for that. Identical plants
(runners) can keep the same number. I ever started with number 1. To
communicate with others you add your name or abbreviation. For the small
circle of aquaintances you use the abbreviation. My latest greenhouse number
is B 1514, You may expect that many plants died or were thrown away, today I
cultivate a few hundred plants.
Plants from the wild have an accession code, with information on the
locality, date of collection etc. This code must be unique. I use the same
system as for my greenhouse, other people use different ways. Note that
(semi-) commercial collectors tend to use a locality code, when the come
back next year they use the same code (easy for the trade). Don’t do this
for you may come into problems.
As I have several thousands of images, and need to sort them out quickly, I
also use a three letter code for the name of the species. Many pictures in
the Crypts pages are coded in this way. The use of this code only makes
sense for a very restricted collection, I only use it for Cryptocoryne and
I use a rather complicated relational database but you can start very easy
with a notebook, spreadsheet etc. My stored data have no free access as
there is a lot of confidential information in it.
This is all you need to know.
Why Kuriputokorine melts?
In order to adapt to environmental changes, we will hear real well, such as losing the leaves and what I do.
I have ever suffered, “melts” When we think, but it is also certainly due to environmental changes, and despite the sudden melting of the environment has not changed, but it is not also passed away .
Well maybe this is when growth appears to stop once, but I think the roots have already been closed, the real cause, Hey What factors will I do?
|Brown leaf tea where melted Wen [Water Co.]
Owners ‘melting’Melting patterns “from the edge of the leaf blade and the target,” “a hole in the leaf,” “jump out of the petiole” is probably more dangerous symptoms would go with the latter like. (At worst, if I then goodbye to Rhizome?)
|Folia Noge apo switch melted rhizome [Water Co.]
the truth of sudden death?In summer, when we seemed to dig the shares once the growth stopped, despite the fact that the buds might be ok’ve also completely rhizome rot. Can not do anything anymore. What causes a high temperature?
The state may develop Kuriputokorine this “melting” We hope to eliminate as much as possible to cite external factors that trigger, there is also inevitable, 100% again, “melts” can not deter It’s likely.
In the “melting” If you experience shall be taken not to expand it for how “containment” (I exaggerated it) and seems important.
The trick is in the early anyway , “remove the affected area melts out,” that.
Grown steadily in both hands put a water-water without hesitation.
|Which leaves “dissolve” Burosa stopped [leaf water]
If melting occurs, such as the tip of the leaf, will be completely cut残Sanu melting points are sharp scissors.
Very effective way than taking a slime sucking and fingers.
Missing until potatoes had leaves slurping wildly引Ppattara (sweat) Nantes Have you? You may remove your fingers from scissors to cut the case of water develop. Other paper紙縒Ri absorb water well, such as tissue and toilet paper (from this) and in the shape, I think I may get rid of part pinpoint melting. (In紙縒Ri with tweezers to handle makes it easy to place and remove the excess water maze).
|Expand the shoots after cutting Hyudoroi [leaf water]
If melting occurs in most of the leaf, petiole would cut parts.
If the mercenary firm is still careful not to cut too close to the base. Shoots may be hidden.
I’ll expand on this shoot and I like a weed in Araceae Anubiasu same system.
|Training in water will How do I adjust the base and 70% humidity.
You your very Zappadaga I would like to summarize the trend of humidity seems to be suitable to develop different types of Kuriputokorine. (I exaggerated it)
|Training by type correlation diagram humidity
|◆ POINT ◆|
Training in the water, as much as possible to maintain constant humidity will more important than anything.
In particular, it is difficult to develop water Kuriputokorine thin leaves, this keeps the humidity is the key so I think Dove recently.
High humidity and stuffiness are different. Summer to prevent stuffiness in the case, and frequently is good ventilation.
Prevention of stuffiness in the closed environment ※, and act to lower the humidity in the leaf surface boundary layer
In my case, do not use air conditioning (not in the training room or have Tteiu), so the humidity of summer or not or just barely out before he even leaves to prevent stuffiness ( around 60% [ Correction] is less than around 65%, be aware that many would wither Kuriputokorine) are willing to manage.
Incidentally, such as stocks and shares little water up the process, regarding what you need humidity to some extent, to such isolated plastic case (a bog moss mats to adjust the humidity of the closed plant) established to develop a well-ventilated place on the The.
Mesenchymal miserable, the feeling fades uneven and too high humidity is required.
And those with larger case volume = training, which will be more live strains grew well in the same case, the result is felt to be good overall.
I know it has grown steadily, resulting suddenly disappeared and all melted, hey what would have caused …
If grown in a Kuriputokorine water, the occurrence of insects may be mentioned as a problem plagued.
I would seriously affect his overall lead to the outbreak and said that the key is early detection and response怠Razu from daily observations.
What good match Kuriputokorine? Pests commonly encountered.
Have time to open a female wing is limited (May to October / September to May 4) is required.
Removal ◆ ◆
If you use drugs, or cook in case something like Bepu less impact on the overall “Orutoran granules” is recommended.
Japanese name thrips.
Victimized before, but I frankly Temashita lick this insect. Hi.
In my home, deal with mistakes early, and sisters will be extended to the case in just a month x3 60cm regular size, however dissolve Kuriputokorine the majority of houses had been. Lost came out pretty well as well as dwarf strains.
Received a feeding place for Surippusu organization are destroyed, the damage from the area can look like shiny white spots Kasli silver, silver rings (Silvering) is so called.
Sometimes interfere with the deployment of new sprouts, and Kuriputokorine leave is subject to catastrophic damage.
Chrysalis of Surippusu? The period is 20 days from egg to adult, adult life is said to be about a month.
occurred in the home he had dark brown. Movement is slower, but adults are likely to fly about 5 meters.
◆ ◆ Removal
Make a scatter in all cases strain symptoms.
|Drug use is, of course be better not to, if not maintained beans, you may also use small amounts to prevent.
Separate supplement Aqua Life “AQUA PLANTS” 2004 No.1 [Marine Planning] It is also in the photo there is a hint.
“Replanted, results in considerable stress for the plant” might get out of shape = it, “is replanted, it becomes necessary to do someday”
If you must do eventually replanted, Would not it be better to have a strength of stocks in good shape needs a little feel.
1. Advance preparation
(1) dilution (culture medium)
(2) clay pots (soak in water 30 minutes or more)
(3), iodine (Sat 赤玉, soil Kanuma, gravel (Kiryu sand and river sand, sand and other seafood), leaf mold, peat or coconut shell fiber /), bog moss (bog moss dry 一応 put back in water).
(4) the housing (initial training does not require light)
(5) Prepare the plastic case or ECR
(6) Tags (such as changing the mixing ratio of iodine, when performing multiple implantation, 役立Teyou next time the tag and put the contents of iodine)
the original removal from the pot is carefully replanted, to bend the shoots and roots to damage inadvertently.
Dropping the old iodine with clean water or washed with water tank can reduce root damage.
In this case, do not have to wash everything clean as well as gardening.
Once part of iodine in iodine mixing up the new old. (Note: If you mix iodine is rotten as old)
(2) The division
leave and new stock, organizing the extra values.
Values that are melted, set aside and washed with clean water and slime.
In my case, such a small share of less than 1cm in length and leaves approximately three share a number of leaves, I do remain attached to the parent detaching shrubbery.
What you can expect a growth point in roots detached (with a stinging spine) and the runner has to watch, you put the tank in good condition, try to accommodate growth in ECR, such as wrap and bog moss so.
End of the treatment plant, during a moment just before implantation, dilution [A] leave to soak.
Division between the implant and ★, Tsukeyou care not to unintended roots and leaves are very dry!
(Note the humidity of the room, spraying necessary)
Implant is carefully spread the roots as possible, do quickly.
I think deep planting generally good results. The original portion of shares (the boundary between the roots) seems to be better a little bit out of the iodine.
(Many of the grass that’s going to break Start your Meri込N iodine, for example Sutorio Toka (laughs))
When implantation is complete, the solution is diluted [B] made pickles and plenty to write, to accommodate rapidly to the case after making several times without speck.
Between shoots, such as expansion of the implant immediately after a while, in order to alleviate the stress of the script, no lighting cases (such as storage bin) to maintain and accommodate.
Figure out the needle, etc. grass / bud unfolds to some extent, change the lighting in this case from accommodate familiar with iodine.
In my case, the water in case of break hips, use the tank water, then I lower than 1cm.
For the roots replanted immediately under stress, lack of oxygen is not what the poor.
(As a result of the growth process, the growing point is extended to the anaerobic layer problem I think).
Fruit with crypt lucky
if we can get the
look and challenge to the development of the species!
In water training, we have also been able somehow to flowering, fruiting Kuriputokorine not lead to hard.
When the wild stock script, you see a stock with fruit, let us challenge the growth of the species.
Is a valuable opportunity to increase their Kuriputokorine.
In the immature seed germination rate is not expected because, wait for the fruit burst naturally.
It seems extremely slow germination rate and dry seeds would, without retrieving and saving it, but I think I gave good results as soon as you open the fruit shrubbery.
Provide as clay pots or dish. A couch, I think the best iodine.
Is also about 2mm in smaller granular,抜Kimashou the atom.
Is also effective to mix the sand bottom of the tank in good condition to iodine.
Moss has advantages such as high water permeability and water retention, and life itself would run out of time ranging from water moss new stock sizes available from the budding division, I think the risk is high.
In addition, cell culture medium to use is unknown because there was.
Although seed germination even in the aquarium water and smiling waist, have gone somewhere too small, so easily disappear with changes in temperature and water quality, we recommend that you sow in the nursery.
In order to germinate, it is important to maintain high humidity environment first.
Wed general case has grown waist (approximately 70% relative humidity) is housed in the following you may want to twist.
Iodine is then potted少Name the last minute so that the water level on top of the couch when the housing case.
Will wrap the top of the bowl in order to minimize the changes in humidity also.
In order to earn a little surface area of the couch, I choose to see the bowl fun.
Bowl on the right is able to allocate a large shallow clay pots than in the general mouth.
Training for young strain, submitted by hand over to the shop and ask.
In cases where the main water plant capacity of moss, with little water if the case is laid a dish such as iodine, is also good to think about Hitahita brooding species.
Be sure to keep the lid and the humidity also.
You may also be used, such as wound, as Petite European tapper.
Summer to avoid the stuffiness with lighting and costumes housed in a case like tapper, this case you spill lighting, natural light by the window (like a non-direct window on the north side) seemed like enough.
You must be able to warm winter firmly.
Environment without heating the water heater does not use the waist, about 15 ℃ below the ambient temperature (they stop growing in size almost common crypto) In such cases, the germination rate is so severely reduced.
Some day, “the script will be flowering fruit at home, growing from seed to bloom again the” I want to cycle will be like.
◆ ◆ for pollination
in the case of family practice that is not rolled for springtail fly. (Sweat)
Toka dropper pushes air?
Flight-free food such as frogs treated (flightless) might be interesting using Drosophila.
If they remain firmly rooted and potatoes, but to establish a significant revival, if the damage is severe closed owed.
|C.griffithii from Bintan L.thwaitesii
||C.yujii from Sg.rajang (RD1)|
BEFORE: 2002.05 (ECR accommodate further 2-3 months ago) AFTER: 2003.08 today (about one and a half years elapsed)
枯Rezu seems to me somehow lived.
During this time, I changed some of the old moss and secondary stained Wed.
C.yujii case that has revived itself to accommodate the moss water considerably (· ∀ ·) has become Iitsu feel. I strain to implant itself into Jiffy pots 5.5cm in diameter.
The dwarf had planted failed to iodine C.griffithii to expand it leaves a fine may not be back til the plaques.
The potted plants around the fall, I would like to move to the case of lighting. I try to convert iodine plant, moss or leave him to go this Wed or leave, is very far from trouble.
In water training, and development of the new stock shares had been dwarfed suffers due to launch failure training environment is out, you want to revive the Kuriputokorine became the only root. When you or I like to do?
[A] anyway, waiting intently without touching
[B] put the tank in good condition, would rather plant
[C] ECR; script lifesaving emergency room isolation
Note that [B] and [C] is the difference between when a serious situation and urge faster results, such as a stock in poor condition [B] , and others [C] to prescribe.
Small root mass was too young, like sand in a petri dish seeded and grown from seed as well, we recommend that you develop.
Emergency Crypto Room Entry bookmarks
1. Preparation ECR
Life is a small room with a polypropylene lid, such as those sold at 100 yen shop (store) and the case is a handy and convenient storage case the use of bread. (Good is a semi-transparent sealed containers in such a state is seen to some extent)
, etc. If there is still a good plastic case.
Prepare the bog moss to maintain a constant humidity in the case of implantable and Kuriputokorine. Available in dry bog moss, leave Wed dipped back about 30 minutes to 1 hour in advance.
First, leaves and stems had melted it takes away cleanly. Melt or soften roots became Similarly, root masses (potato) will remove part of care. Slurping is a good part of the aquarium water flow and water purification water plants in good condition. Bet to revive it if they remain hard part! Sometimes I dust the high parts of the roots remained fresh. (I or consolation)
3. ECR treatment admission
Bog moss back with water, dried (not to Hitahita, squeezable and much much stronger hold), then wrapped airtight houses in the ECR in addition to those parts of the roots.
In addition, such strains remain largely rooted to some extent, considered transplant after growing up, you may also be implanted into Jiffy pots made in advance.
In the treatment does not require special lighting, just start with the room lights were installed ECR.
If you see such a sign of recovery sprout expand, develop water adjacent to the case, so I’ll rely on the light leaking.
Since then can not move to set up the case once and wait intently. Do not peek times (laughs)
To prevent drying and mold in the ECR, however, check for any water in the dry moss ECR ventilation for some time about every few weeks -1 month入Remashou.
If the water is rather dry moss, and accelerates the drip-drip of water replenishment, etc. clean dropper. Such water would accumulate in the bottom of the case, if you’ve given are too, here it dumps excess water in the syringe.
Oligotrophic state (or yellowing leaves, which stand out in unusual veins) If you see, is a good supplement to give a solution containing fertilizers minutes.(1000 Menederu factor solution, the solution times the fines Haiponekkusu 2000-3000)
Per month to one year after such number hopefully you can get fresh water moss bog moss to revive itself?
\ (^ O ^) /